Diet and lifestyle in Hypertension Management

Changes in single nutrients—such as lowering sodium—have been the primary focus on dietary interventions to prevent and treat hypertension. However, weight reduction, adopting the DASH eating pattern (which emphasizes fruits, vegetables, low-fat dairy foods, whole grains, poultry, fish and nuts and is low in saturated fat, total fat and cholesterol) and engaging in physical activity have potentially the same or greater effect on managing hypertension as sodium reduction.

The prevalence of hypertension is high and increasing worldwide. Drug therapy is effective, but for both "prehypertensive" and treated hypertensive patients, lifestyle changes are also important. Dietary modification is a key part of these changes, although skepticism about the role of diet in determining blood pressure has slowed implementation of the available guidelines. However, there is now a large body of evidence supporting a role for dietary salt, potassium, alcohol, and body mass in determining blood pressure.

Studies such as PREMIER have shown that salt restriction (<6 g/d), alcohol moderation (<2U/d in men and <1U/d in women), weight loss (if BMI>25), exercise, and a DASH (Dietary Approaches to Stop Hypertension) diet (supplying 20-30 m.mol/d of potassium) can achieve decreases in systolic blood pressure of approximately 10 to 15 mm Hg when applied together. Of the dietary changes, salt intake remains the most amenable to change. But we must further reduce salt in processed food if it is to be part of a wider strategy to lower blood pressure in the general population. Nevertheless, the message to patients must be that dietary changes made within a concerted alteration in lifestyle can have a very significant impact on their blood pressure.

Health professionals can assist clients to combine two or more lifestyle modifications to achieve even greater results.

  • Smoking cessation
  • Salt sensitivity and resistance
  • Dietary potassium
  • Lowering blood pressure
  • Maintenance therapy and reassessment
  • Resources for promoting lifestyle management to patients
  • Incorporating patient-centered lifestyle modification

Related Conference of Diet and lifestyle in Hypertension Management

September 24-26, 2018

5th World Heart and Brain Conference

Abu Dhabi, UAE
October 05-06, 2018

American Heart Congress - CVD

Los Angeles, California, USA
October 22-23, 2018

Global Cardiology Summit

Osaka, Japan
Oct 22- Oct 24 , 2018

27th European Cardiology Conference

Rome, Italy
October 22-24, 2018

27th European Cardiology Conference

Rome, Italy
November 05-06, 2018

28th World Congress on Cardiology and Heart Diseases


Hyatt Place Airport Hotel - Amsterdam, Netherlands
November 15-17, 2018

World Heart Rhythm Conference

Istanbul, Turkey
November 19-20, 2018

29th World Cardiology Conference

Edinburgh, Scotland
November 21-22, 2018

International Conference on Cardiovascular Diseases and Therapeutics

| Paris, France

Venue: Holiday Inn Paris - Marne la Vallée

November 21 - 22, 2018 |

6th World Congress on Hypertension and Public Health

Paris, France
February 18-19, 2019

30th European Heart Diseases and Heart Failure Congress

Amsterdam, Netherlands
Feb 28-March 01, 2019

World Cardiology Experts Meeting

Osaka, Japan
March 15-16, 2019

4th Global Summit on Heart Diseases

Singapore
March 18-20, 2019

Middle East Heart Congress

Dubai, UAE
March 27- 28, 2019

5 th World Heart Congress

Sydney, Australia
April 15 -16, 2019

5th World Heart Congress

Amsterdam, Netherlands
April 19-20, 2019

World Heart and Brain Congress

Chicago, USA
April 29 - May 01, 2019

4th World Heart Congress

Kyoto, Japan
June 17-19, 2019

31st Annual Cardiologists Conference

Rome, Italy
July 01-02, 2019

European Cardiology Congress

Prague | Czech Republic
July 10-11, 2019

25th World Cardiology Conference

Osaka, Japan
July 10-11,2019

26th Annual Cardiologists Conference

Osaka,Japan
July 26-27, 2019

4th International Conference on Hypertension and Healthcare

Melbourne, Australia
July 31-August 01, 2019

27th International Congress on Cardiology and medical interventions

Chicago, Illinois, USA
August 19- 20, 2019

7th World Heart Congress

Vienna, Austria

Diet and lifestyle in Hypertension Management Conference Speakers

Recommended Sessions

Related Journals

Are you interested in